Islamic Culture & Photo Blog – Muslim Blog

The key notes in managing time

October 14th, 2011
by Sufia

time1 480x720 The key notes in managing time

Time is a precious to all the races of man all over the world. The most successful individuals and nations of the world are on record for their proper utilization of the time they had. There is therefore need to have an incisive analysis of the ingredients of time management. These keynotes are the main tools that enhance proper time management. The tools are equally affirmed in the holy Quraan in some the verses. As a matter of fact time management encompasses typical functions of planning, organizing, directing, control of activities and making decisions.

Planning of time determines where the organization is now and where it will be in the future. It calls for participation, sense of direction and purpose, coordination and control. This is a very important key note of proper time management especially for firms. Planning has several benefits such as provision of direction, reducing the impact of change in an individual’s of institutions status; minimizing wastes and redundancy especially in firms and it also helps set the standards of control for different unexpected events. This is also brought out in the Quraan from verses 43-49.

Defining objective is equally brought in the Quraan; verse 22. This involves defining the mission that is the purpose of the task to be carried out. Proper time management begins with clearly defining the mission. For organizations there would be need to have a mission statement which is the broad, yet clear and concise summary of what the organization wants to do. This helps direct the organization since it directs major functions and operations.

Establishing priorities is equally a vital component of proper time management. Upon definition of the goals that one needs to accomplish there is need to conduct in order of their importance and urgency. This helps in saving time.

Investment all the valuable resources at ones disposal is also key for proper time management. These are utilities that can accelerate the achievement the tasks that one needs to do. This is brought in the verses 15, 32, 33 and 34 of the Quraan. One needs to mobilize all the resources that can enable him accomplish the intended tasks timely.

There is also need to take legitimate measures to ensure proper time management. The objectives cannot be met without inputs of efforts and measures to investing all the valuable resources into achieving the intended tasks. This is highlighted in verse 60 of the holy Quraan.

Organizing of all the work is very key for proper time management. It is usually considered as the basic management function of time. All activities to be done should be identified and grouped into tasks and sub-tasks. Each task should them be assigned an individual and a specific deadline for its completion.

Directives have also be given for proper and timely completion of tasks. This is done by those in management positions. They also have exercise authority and control the activities being undertaken. This enhances the proper time management. The decisions made are equally critical for good time management. They should be in line with the defined objectives.

These components of time management are affirmed in the holy Quaran and are therefore directives from the most high God. They are meant to guide in proper utilization of the little time we have.

Time Limit for the ‘Isha’ Prayer

August 17th, 2011
by Sufia

doubt during the prayer in urdu Time Limit for the ‘Isha’ Prayer

There is the opinion deduced from taking the apparent (dhahir) meaning of the hadith about the middle of the night that was held by Ibn Hazm, ash-Shawkani, al-Albani, and others that the permissible time is till the middle of the night, beyond which it is forbidden to delay ‘Isha’.

Consider also what the major scholars of the four madhahib said:

Ibn Qudamah al-Maqdisi (Hambali) said in ‘al-Mughni’:

“What is more befitting – if Allah Wills – is that one does not delay it past the first third of the night. If he delays it past the middle of the night, this is permissible. What is beyond this is allowed only for necessity, and its ruling is the same as praying ‘Asr in the time of necessity (in the last portion of its allotted time)…Beyond this, the time of ‘Isha’ extends till the emergence of the second (true) Fajr.”

al-Kasani (Hanafi) said in ‘Bada’i’ as-Sana’i”:

“As for the last time for ‘Isha’, it is when the true time of Fajr comes in, according to us.”

Muhammad ‘Alish (Maliki) said in ‘Manh al-Jalil’:

“And the preferred time to pray ‘Isha’ ends with the first third of the night.”

an-Nawawi (Shafi’i) said in ‘al-Majmu”:

“What is preferred is to pray by the first third of the night. If this preferred time passes, we are left with the permissible time, which is till the time of the second (true) Fajr. This is the madhhab that has been narrated from ash-Shafi’i, and it is what has been clearcut from our companions, past and present.”

at-Tahawi (Hanafi) said in ‘Mushkil al-Athar’:

“So, the authenticity of these narrations has been established: that the time in which one can pray ‘Isha’ is from when the Sun sets, till the end of the night. However, this is divided into three categories:

a) from when it enters, to the first third of the night, and this is the best time in which to pray it, b) as for what is beyond this – till the middle of the night – this is less preferable than the first choice, and c) as for what is beyond the middle of the night, this is less preferable than the times before it.”

So, the four madhahib interpreted the relevant ahadith to mean that the time in which it is permissible to pray ‘Isha’ is till the time of Fajr, with the strong discouragement from delaying it past the first third of the night, let alone the middle of the night, unless one has a good excuse (such as illness, preoccupation with a task, etc.).

In conclusion, there is a difference of opinion as to whether the time limit is a matter of strict forbiddance, or merely one of preference. In any case, the safest thing to do is to not delay it past the middle of the night, as much as you are able.

And Allah Knows best.

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